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Flash流媒体文章列表:

最简单的基于Flash的流媒体示例:RTMP推送和接收(ActionScript)

最简单的基于Flash的流媒体示例:网页播放器(HTTP,RTMP,HLS)

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本文继续上一篇文章,记录一些基于Flash的流媒体处理的例子。本文记录一些基于Flash技术的网页播放器。基于Flash的网页播放器相比于其他网页播放器来说最大的优势就是“免插件安装”了,这一点可以很大的提高用户的体验质量。早些时候网络视频(尤其是直播)一般都使用ActiveX控件作为视频播放器,而这些控件并不普及,所以终端用户必须下载相关的插件才能收看节目,因而对很多不熟悉电脑的用户造成了很大的障碍。直到Flash网页播放器的出现,这一障碍才得到了解决。本文将会记录几个常用的网页播放器,方便以后开发测试使用。

本文记录以下几种常用的网页播放器: 

  • rtmp_sample_player_adobe: 从Adobe Flash Media Sever提取出来的测试播放器
  • rtmp_sample_player_wowza: 从Wowza服务器中提取出来的测试播放器
  • rtmp_sample_player_flowplayer: 基于FlowPlayer的RTMP/HTTP播放器(添加RTMP plugin)
  • rtmp_sample_player_videojs: 基于VideoJS的RTMP/HTTP播放器
  • rtmp_sample_player_jwplayer: 基于JWplayer的RTMP/HTTP播放器
  • hls_sample_player_flowplayer: 基于FlowPlayer的HLS播放器(添加HLS plugin)
  • hls_video_player_html5: 基于HTML5的HLS/HTTP播放器
  • activex_vlc_player: 基于VLC的ActiveX控件的播放器

RTMP Sample Player Adobe

  RTMP Sample Player Adobe是从Adobe Flash Media Sever提取出来的测试播放器,平时测试使用非常方便,把测试的RTMP地址粘贴到下方的“Stream URL”里面,单击右侧红色的“Play Stream”就可以播放流媒体了。 
RTMP Sample Player Adobe的截图如下所示。 

RTMP Sample Player Wowza

RTMP Sample Player Wowza是从Wowza Streaming Engine中提取出来的测试播放器,平时测试使用也比较方便,将RTMP地址贴到对应的输入框中,单击“start”就可以播放流媒体了。 
RTMP Sample Player Wowza的截图如下所示。 

RTMP Sample Player Flowplayer

  FlowPlayer官网: http://flash.flowplayer.org/
注:FlowPlayer有两个版本:HTML5版本和Flash版本,本文中使用的是Flash版本。

RTMP Sample Player Flowplayer是基于FlowPlayer的网页播放器。其中包含两个播放器: 

  • Sample Player Flowplayer:HTTP点播网页播放器
  • RTMP Sample Player Flowplayer:RTMP网页播放器

FlowPlayer原生支持HTTP点播,通过RTMP Plugin扩展之后支持RTMP。 

Sample Player Flowplayer是支持HTTP点播的网页播放器,代码如下所示。 

<html><head><script type="text/javascript" src="flowplayer-3.2.8.min.js"></script><title>Sample Player FlowPlayer</title></head>  <body>		<h1>Sample Player FlowPlayer</h1>  	<p>Lei Xiaohua<br/>	<a href="http://blog.csdn.net/leixiaohua1020">http://blog.csdn.net/leixiaohua1020</a><br/>	leixiaohua1020@126.com</p>		<!-- this A tag is where your Flowplayer will be placed. it can be anywhere -->	<a  		 href="http://video-js.zencoder.com/oceans-clip.mp4"		 style="display:block;width:520px;height:330px"  		 id="player"> 	</a> 	<!-- this will install flowplayer inside previous A- tag. -->	<script>	flowplayer("player", "flowplayer-3.2.8.swf");	</script>	</body></html>

播放器的效果如下图所示,图中正在播放的视频文件的URL为http://video-js.zencoder.com/oceans-clip.mp4 

RTMP Sample Player Flowplayer是经过RTMP Plugin扩展之后的网页播放器,代码如下所示。 

<!DOCTYPE html><html><head><script type="text/javascript" src="flowplayer-3.2.8.min.js"></script><title>RTMP Sample Player FlowPlayer</title></head>  <body>		<h1>RTMP Sample Player FlowPlayer</h1>  	<p>Lei Xiaohua<br/>	<a href="http://blog.csdn.net/leixiaohua1020">http://blog.csdn.net/leixiaohua1020</a><br/>	leixiaohua1020@126.com</p>		<!-- this A tag is where your Flowplayer will be placed. it can be anywhere -->	<a  		 href="#"		 style="display:block;width:520px;height:330px"  		 id="player"> 	</a> 	<!-- this will install flowplayer inside previous A- tag. -->	<script>	flowplayer("player", "flowplayer-3.2.8.swf",{ 		clip: { 		  url: 'hks',		  provider: 'rtmp',		  live: true, 		},  		plugins: {  		   rtmp: {  			 url: 'flowplayer.rtmp-3.2.8.swf',  			 netConnectionUrl: 'rtmp://live.hkstv.hk.lxdns.com/live'		   } 	   } 	});	</script>  	<p>				Sample RTMP URL (Live) is "rtmp://live.hkstv.hk.lxdns.com/live/hks"	</p>	</body></html>

播放器的效果如下图所示,图中正在播放的视频的URL为rtmp://live.hkstv.hk.lxdns.com/live/hks 

RTMP Sample Player VideoJS

Video.js官网: http://www.videojs.com/
注:Video.js是一个基于JavaScript的HTML5视频播放器,本身是开源的。

RTMP Sample Player VideoJS是基于Video.js的RTMP播放器。其中包含两个播放器: 

  • Sample Player VideoJS:HTTP点播网页播放器
  • RTMP Sample Player VideoJS:RTMP网页播放器

Sample Player VideoJS是支持HTTP点播的网页播放器,代码如下所示。 

<!DOCTYPE html><html><head>  <title>Sample Player Videojs</title>  <!-- Chang URLs to wherever Video.js files will be hosted -->  <link href="video-js.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css">  <!-- video.js must be in the <head> for older IEs to work. -->  <script src="video.js"></script>  <!-- Unless using the CDN hosted version, update the URL to the Flash SWF -->  <script>    videojs.options.flash.swf = "video-js.swf";  </script></head><body><h1>Sample Player Videojs</h1><p>Lei Xiaohua<br/>	<a href="http://blog.csdn.net/leixiaohua1020">http://blog.csdn.net/leixiaohua1020</a><br/>	leixiaohua1020@126.com</p>  <video id="example_video_1" class="video-js vjs-default-skin" controls preload="none" width="640" height="264"      poster="http://video-js.zencoder.com/oceans-clip.png"      data-setup="{}">    <source src="http://video-js.zencoder.com/oceans-clip.mp4" type='video/mp4' />    <source src="http://video-js.zencoder.com/oceans-clip.webm" type='video/webm' />    <source src="http://video-js.zencoder.com/oceans-clip.ogv" type='video/ogg' />    <track kind="captions" src="demo.captions.vtt" srclang="en" label="English"></track>    <track kind="subtitles" src="demo.captions.vtt" srclang="en" label="English"></track>    <p class="vjs-no-js">To view this video please enable JavaScript, and consider upgrading to a web browser that <a href="http://videojs.com/html5-video-support/" target="_blank">supports HTML5 video</a></p>  </video>  </body></html>

播放器的效果如下图所示,图中正在播放的视频的URL为http://video-js.zencoder.com/oceans-clip.mp4 

RTMP Sample Player VideoJS是支持RTMP的网页播放器,代码如下所示。 

<!DOCTYPE html><html><head>  <title>RTMP Sample Player Videojs</title>  <!-- Chang URLs to wherever Video.js files will be hosted -->  <link href="video-js.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css">  <!-- video.js must be in the <head> for older IEs to work. -->  <script src="video.js"></script>  <!-- Unless using the CDN hosted version, update the URL to the Flash SWF -->  <script>    videojs.options.flash.swf = "video-js.swf";  </script></head><body><h1>RTMP Sample Player Videojs</h1><p>Lei Xiaohua<br/>	<a href="http://blog.csdn.net/leixiaohua1020">http://blog.csdn.net/leixiaohua1020</a><br/>	leixiaohua1020@126.com</p>  <video id="example_video_1" class="video-js vjs-default-skin" controls preload="none" width="640" height="480" data-setup="{}">    <source src="rtmp://ams.studytv.cn/livepkgr/264" type="rtmp/flv"/>	    <p class="vjs-no-js">To view this video please enable JavaScript, and consider upgrading to a web browser that <a href="http://videojs.com/html5-video-support/" target="_blank">supports HTML5 video</a></p>  </video>  </body></html>

播放器的效果如下图所示,图中正在播放的视频的URL为rtmp://ams.studytv.cn/livepkgr/264 

RTMP Sample Player JWPlayer

JW Player官网:http://www.jwplayer.com

注:最新版的JW Player似乎不能免费使用RTMP播放功能了,这里使用的是旧版的JW Player
RTMP Sample Player JWPlayer是基于JW Player的RTMP播放器。其中包含两个播放器: 

  • Sample Player JWPlayer:HTTP点播网页播放器
  • RTMP Sample Player JWPlayer:RTMP网页播放器

Sample Player JWPlayer是支持HTTP点播的网页播放器,代码如下所示。 

<!DOCTYPE html><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head>	<title>Sample Player JWPlayer</title>	<script type='text/javascript' src='jwplayer.js'></script></head><body>	<h1>Sample Player JWPlayer</h1>	<p>Lei Xiaohua<br/>	<a href="http://blog.csdn.net/leixiaohua1020">http://blog.csdn.net/leixiaohua1020</a><br/>	leixiaohua1020@126.com</p>		<div id='mediaspace'>This text will be replaced</div>	<script type='text/javascript'>	  jwplayer('mediaspace').setup({		'flashplayer': 'player.swf',		'file': 'sintel.mp4',		'controlbar': 'bottom',		'width': '640',		'height': '360'	  });	</script>	</body></html>

播放器的效果如下图所示,图中正在播放的视频的URL为本地的sintel.mp4 

RTMP Sample Player JWPlayer是支持RTMP的网页播放器,代码如下所示。 

<!DOCTYPE html><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head>	<title>RTMP Sample Player JWPlayer</title>	<script type='text/javascript' src='jwplayer.js'></script></head><body>	<h1>RTMP Sample Player JWPlayer</h1>	<p>Lei Xiaohua<br/>	<a href="http://blog.csdn.net/leixiaohua1020">http://blog.csdn.net/leixiaohua1020</a><br/>	leixiaohua1020@126.com</p>		<div id='mediaspace'>This text will be replaced</div>	<script type='text/javascript'>	  jwplayer('mediaspace').setup({		'flashplayer': 'player.swf',		'file': 'flv',		'streamer': 'rtmp://wx.cnrmall.com/live',		'controlbar': 'bottom',		'width': '640',		'height': '360'	  });	</script>	<p>				Sample RTMP URL (Live) is "rtmp://wx.cnrmall.com/live/flv"	</p></body></html>

播放器的效果如下图所示,图中正在播放的视频的URL为rtmp://wx.cnrmall.com/live/flv 

HLS Sample Player Flowplayer

HLS Sample Player Flowplayer是增加了HLS Plugin扩展之后的FlowPlayer。增加了HLS Plugin之后,FlowPlayer增加了对HLS的支持。代码如下所示。 

<!DOCTYPE HTML><html><head><title>HLS Sample Player Flowplayer</title><script type="text/javascript" src="flowplayer-3.2.12.min.js"></script><script type="text/javascript" src="flowplayer.ipad-3.2.12.min.js"></script></head>  <body><h1>HLS Sample Player Flowplayer</h1><p>Lei Xiaohua<br/>	<a href="http://blog.csdn.net/leixiaohua1020">http://blog.csdn.net/leixiaohua1020</a><br/>	leixiaohua1020@126.com</p><!-- player container--><a style="display: block; width: 660px; height: 350px;" id="flashls_vod"></a>  <!-- Flowplayer installation and configuration --><script type="text/javascript">flowplayer("flashls_vod", "flowplayer.swf", {	// configure the required plugins	plugins: {		flashls: {			url: 'flashlsFlowPlayer.swf',		}	},	clip: {		url: "http://stream.flowplayer.org/drive.m3u8",		//url: "http://devimages.apple.com/iphone/samples/bipbop/bipbopall.m3u8",		//live: true,		urlResolvers: "flashls",		provider: "flashls"	}}).ipad();</script><p>  </p>  </body></html>

播放器的效果如下图所示,图中正在播放的视频的URL为http://stream.flowplayer.org/drive.m3u8 

HLS Video Player Html5

 HTML5 Video标签参考:http://www.w3school.com.cn/html5/html5_video.asp 
HLS Video Player Html5是使用了HTML5的<Video>标签的网页播放器(实际上就是一张网页)。源代码如下所示。 

<!DOCTYPE HTML><html><head><title>Video Player Html5</title></head><body><h1>Video Player Html5</h1><p>Lei Xiaohua<br/>	<a href="http://blog.csdn.net/leixiaohua1020">http://blog.csdn.net/leixiaohua1020</a><br/>	leixiaohua1020@126.com</p><video src="sintel.mp4" controls="controls">your browser does not support the video tag</video>  </body></html>

在这里需要注意,<video>标签需要浏览器支持HTML。如果浏览器不支持HTML5的话,打开网页会显示如下信息。 

  如果浏览器支持HTML5,打开网页的效果如下图所示。图中正在播放的视频的URL为sintel.mp4 

ActiveX VLC Player

ActiveX VLC Player与上述的网页播放器有很大的不同,主要用于对比。ActiveX VLC Player是基于ActiveX控件的播放器。基于ActiveX控件意味着只有IE支持该网页播放器,而且要求本机必须首先安装VLC。 
由于有几乎“万能”的VLC Media Player做后盾,该网页播放器的性能是相当强的:不仅支持上文中提到的各种播放器支持的HTTP、RTMP、HLS,而且支持MMS、RTSP以及UDP这些协议(VLC Media Player支持的协议它都支持)。 
ActiveX VLC Player源代码如下所示。 

<!DOCTYPE HTML><html><head><title>ActiveX VLC Player</title></head><body><h1>ActiveX VLC Player</h1><p>Lei Xiaohua<br/><!-- To run this demo you should install VLC first -->	<a href="http://blog.csdn.net/leixiaohua1020">http://blog.csdn.net/leixiaohua1020</a><br/>	leixiaohua1020@126.com</p><OBJECT classid="clsid:9BE31822-FDAD-461B-AD51-BE1D1C159921"    codebase="http://downloads.videolan.org/pub/videolan/vlc/latest/win32/axvlc.cab"       width="640" height="480" id="vlc" events="True"> <!--<param name="Src" value="http://video-js.zencoder.com/oceans-clip.mp4" />--> <!--<param name="Src" value="http://live.3gv.ifeng.com/live/CCTV13.m3u8" />--> <!--<param name="Src" value="rtmp://live.hkstv.hk.lxdns.com/live/hks" />--> <!--<param name="Src" value="mmst://media.shtv.net.cn/shtv" />--> <param name="Src" value="rtsp://58.248.254.7:9135/live/ds-mmzh.sdp" />  <param name="ShowDisplay" value="True" /> <param name="AutoLoop" value="False" /> <param name="AutoPlay" value="True" /> </OBJECT>  </body></html>

播放器的效果如下图所示,图中正在播放的视频的URL为rtsp://58.248.254.7:9135/live/ds-mmzh.sdp 

下载

Simplest flashmedia example

SourceForge: https://sourceforge.net/projects/simplestflashmediaexample/
Github: https://github.com/leixiaohua1020/simplest_flashmedia_example
开源中国: http://git.oschina.net/leixiaohua1020/simplest_flashmedia_example

CSDN下载:http://download.csdn.net/detail/leixiaohua1020/8456499本工程包含如下基于Flash技术的流媒体的例子: 
simplest_as3_rtmp_player:  最简单的RTMP播放器(基于ActionScript) 
simplest_as3_rtmp_streamer:最简单的RTMP推流器(基于ActionScript) 
rtmp_sample_player_adobe: 从Adobe Flash Media Sever提取出来的测试播放器
rtmp_sample_player_wowza: 从Wowza服务器中提取出来的测试播放器
rtmp_sample_player_flowplayer: 基于FlowPlayer的RTMP/HTTP播放器(添加RTMP plugin)
rtmp_sample_player_videojs: 基于VideoJS的RTMP/HTTP播放器
rtmp_sample_player_jwplayer: 基于JWplayer的RTMP/HTTP播放器
hls_sample_player_flowplayer: 基于FlowPlayer的HLS播放器(添加HLS plugin)
hls_video_player_html5: 基于HTML5的HLS/HTTP播放器
activex_vlc_player:  基于VLC的ActiveX控件的播放器 

注意:某些播放器直接打开html页面是不能工作的,需要把播放器放到Web服务器上。 
(例如Apache或者Nginx) 

https://blog.csdn.net/leixiaohua1020/article/details/43936415